swear

swear
S2 [sweə US swer] v past tense swore [swo: US swo:r] past participle sworn [swo:n US swo:rn]
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1¦(offensive language)¦
2¦(promise)¦
3¦(state the truth)¦
4 somebody could have sworn (that) ...
5¦(public promise)¦
6 swear somebody to secrecy/silence
Phrasal verbs
 swear by something
 swear somebody<=>in
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: swerian]
1.) ¦(OFFENSIVE LANGUAGE)¦
to use rude and offensive language
Don't swear in front of the children.
swear at
He turned round and swore at me.
2.) ¦(PROMISE)¦ [T]
to promise that you will do something
swear (that)
Victor swore he would get his revenge.
swear to do sth
Mona swore never to return home.
Do you swear on your honour (=promise very strongly) that you will never tell anyone?
3.) ¦(STATE THE TRUTH)¦ [I and T] [i]informal
to say very strongly that what you are saying is true
I never touched your purse, I swear!
swear (that)
He says he was there all the time, but I swear I never saw him.
swear blind
BrE (=say very strongly)
She swore blind that she had never seen him before.
I never touched her, I swear to God .
I think it was about ten o'clock when we left, but I couldn't swear to it (=I am not certain) .
4.) sb could have sworn (that) ...
used to say that someone was sure about something but now they think they were wrong
I could have sworn I had my keys.
5.) ¦(PUBLIC PROMISE)¦ [I and T]
to make a public official promise, especially in a court of law
swear on
Witnesses have to swear on the Bible.
Remember that you have sworn an oath and so must tell the truth
Presidents must swear allegiance to the US constitution.
6.) swear sb to secrecy/silence
to make someone promise not to tell anyone what you have told them
>swearing n [U]
He was cautioned for swearing.
lots of shouting and swearing
swear by [swear by sth] phr v
to have great confidence in how good or effective something is
He swears by vitamin C pills.
swear in [swear sb<=>in] phr v
if someone with a new public job or position is sworn in, they make an official promise to do their duty well
The new governor will be sworn in next week.
The jury have not yet been sworn in.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • swear — [ swer ] (past tense swore [ swɔr ] ; past participle sworn [ swɔrn ] ) verb ** 1. ) intransitive to use words that are deliberately offensive, for example because you are angry with someone: That s the first time I ve ever heard him swear. swear …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • swear — ► VERB (past swore; past part. sworn) 1) state or promise solemnly or on oath. 2) compel to observe a certain course of action: I am sworn to secrecy. 3) use offensive or obscene language, especially to express anger. ● swear blind Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

  • Swear — Swear, v. i. [imp. {Swore}, formerly {Sware}; p. p. {Sworn}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Swearing}.] [OE. swerien, AS. swerian; akin to D. zweren, OS. swerian, OHG. swerien, G. schw[ o]ren, Icel. sverja, Sw. sv[ a]rja, Dan. sv[ae]rge, Icel. & Sw. svara to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Swear — Swear, v. t. 1. To utter or affirm with a solemn appeal to God for the truth of the declaration; to make (a promise, threat, or resolve) under oath. [1913 Webster] Swear unto me here by God, that thou wilt not deal falsely with me. Gen. xxi. 23.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • swear — vb swore, sworn, swear·ing [Old English swerian] vt 1: to utter or take solemnly swear an oath 2 a: to assert as true or promise under oath a sworn affidavit …   Law dictionary

  • swear — [swer] vi. swore, sworn, swearing [ME swerien < OE swerian, akin to Ger schwören < IE base * swer , to speak > OSlav svariti, to revile] 1. to make a solemn declaration with an appeal to God or to something held sacred for confirmation… …   English World dictionary

  • Swear — may refer to: * Swearing: to utter an oath or Profanity * The Swear (band) * Swear , a single by Sheena Easton * Swear , a 1980s single by Tim Scott / Tim Scott McConnell * SWEAR or S***R, the London based footwear brand. Check their official… …   Wikipedia

  • swear to — To affirm or identify on oath • • • Main Entry: ↑swear * * * ˈswear to [transitive] usually in negatives [present tense I/you/we/they swear to he/she/it swears to …   Useful english dictionary

  • swear — [v1] declare under oath affirm, assert, attest, avow, covenant, cross one’s heart*, depend on, depose, give one’s word*, give witness, have confidence in, maintain, make an affidavit, pledge oneself, plight, promise, rely on, say so*, state,… …   New thesaurus

  • swear — O.E. swerian take an oath (class VI strong verb; past tense swor, pp. sworen), from P.Gmc. *swarjanan, from root *swar (Cf. O.S. swerian, O.N. sverja, Dan. sverge, O.Fris. swera, M.Du. swaren, O.H.G. swerien, Ger. schwören, Goth …   Etymology dictionary

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